How should be the daily routine of human beings that makes us healthy and protects us from different diseases is technically explained in detail in Ayurveda.
As we have discussed in our previous articles about core elements in Ayurveda and it is based on the Tridoshas named Vatta, Pitta, and Kapha. Our ancestors were following a particular daily routine in ancient times and they were following it religiously just like religion every day in their lives. Now you will ask that every civilization or culture has to follow a routine for discipline. What’s new in that? But have you ever thought why all of our ancestors have agreed to the same routine and mentioned it in Ayurveda specifically?
The reason behind this is our human body and its nature, our body is governed by the properties of Panchmahabhuta And all the creatures on this earth and the entire earth itself are governed and exists So being earth as a whole, as it is affected by sun and moon just like this we human beings are a part of this earth and planetary system. Our body and the complete physiology is affected by sun and the moon And it is obvious that the Tridosha in different proportions in our body, Vata Pitta and Kapha also get affected by them in different time zones especially in day time it is different and in the night it is different So, let quickly check what should be our daily routine as per Ayurveda without wasting time.
Let’s start with the morning wake up a ritual so as per Ayurveda the correct time to wake up is the last phase of darkness. That is Brahma Muhurt It means approximately from 4 to 5:30 AM. Now, most of you must be aware of this time frame earlier but, do you know why we should wake up in this time frame? Because at this time the Kapha component in our body is reduced and the Vatta component is activated. It means our mind and body get ready to be moved, as per the property of Vatta. That’s why we should wake at this time Ayurveda has denoted this time ideal for meditation and Yogabhyas. Brahma muhurta is also known as the time to grasp knowledge. If you are sleeping in this time frame then you must have observed that the dreams that come in this time frame are the most remembered because of the activation of the Vatta component.
We should wake up at this time and clear our bowls at the very first moment. Then we should wash our face and eyes with water and then clean our mouth properly. Then we should do exercise, for how much time and we should do exercise or yoga? At what intensity? the answer to this question depends on our body type. If a person’s body is of Kapha type then he/she should work out heavily for a long time, If a person’s body is of Pitta type he/she should work out with moderate intensity till moderate time. And if Vata is a body type then he/she has to exercise for less time at low intensity. Regarding exercise, Ayurveda tells us that we should not stop exercising until we start sweating in our armpits. Because this point shows that a sufficient amount of heat has been generated in the body and all the organs and parts of the body are now fully activated. We should take a bath after about half an hour of exercising or doing yoga.
Now the question comes whether cold water should be taken or hot while bathing, preferences are also on the body type A Kapha type person loves to bathe in hot water A Pitta type is preferred in cold warm or cold water. And a Vata type body likes to bathe in hot or extra hot water Generally, our choice of the temperature of the water is also dependant on the outside weather For our healthy body, Ayurveda recommends that we should wash our head with cold water or at least water at room temperature because hot water is not good for hair, it also causes a bad effect on our eyes and heart. It also causes a bad effect on our eyes and heart. we can wash the rest of the body parts with warm water but bathing with more hot water is not recommended.
After bathing, it has been asked to meditate Just like the body needs exercise similarly our brain also needs exercise and meditation strengthens our intellect. We can also do this meditation through Rituals like worshipping or praying. A person can mediate a lamp or candle in front of him by turning its light into a focal point. This mental exercise helps in focusing on the activities that come in the rest of our day, Removing discomfort from contemplation and helps to become Mentally strong and ready for the day.
Now, why should we Mediate an empty stomach only? This is because the digestive system becomes active as soon as the food is eaten and the blood supply becomes busy in the process of digestion Which then is unable to complete justice for the brain’s meditation That is why meditation should always be done on an empty stomach After this, one should take breakfast and breakfast should be done only after the sun rises. The reason for this is that as the sun rises in the sky the fire element activity of our body gets activated. You must have noticed that if you get up before sunrise You must have noticed that if you get up before sunrise then you do not feel hungry, Any healthy person often feels hungry only after one or two hours of the sunrise as the metabolic activities of the body begin in this time frame. And the rest of the organ’s functions get ready to eat the food.
Unlike Western Culture Ayurveda advises us to eat light food during breakfast. which can be easily digested. This is because the body’s digestive system has been in rest mode all night. A heavy breakfast can have a bad effect on digestion. After half an hour of breakfast, we can start our work and continue to work till 12:30-1 pm.
As per Ayurveda the right time for lunch is at 1 o’clock because the sun is at the peak and intense at this time. And the meal of the day is digested perfectly by our body and it gives the highest energy to the body. That is why we should eat this meal in the highest quantity with respect to the whole day.
Now let’s talk about sleeping in the afternoon. India has a lot of places where all the shops in the Afternoon are closed and people go home to sleep. But in Ayurveda, no special encouragement is given to sleep in the afternoon. It has said that in summer only when the temperature is too high, at that time a person can take rest for a while to conserve the energy Still if you want to sleep in general, then a person of Kapha type should not take rest in the afternoon, People of Pitta type can take around 20 mins rest and Vata type people can sleep a little longer because they sleep less at night anyway.
Normal work life can be continued by evening. There is a strong emphasis on evening recreation activity in Ayurveda. It is recommended that every human should develop at least one such hobby in life as an evening recreation that is different from your daily job or work. Be it any sports, painting, music or any activity done with the family. It is also said in Ayurveda that this activity is better with your relatives and family. Because our human body needs a sense of human interaction which is fulfilled by living with a family or community.
Now let’s talk about dinner, after sunset, the body’s digestive capacity becomes very slow. And that’s why it is recommended that we should have our dinner shortly after sunset, around 8 to 8.30 pm. Because if we eat food much longer after sunset, then it takes too much time to digest. And it has also been said that there should be a difference of at least two hours between our mealtime and our bedtime due to which mucus secretions inside our body are controlled. Sleeping soon after eating food can cause obesity, a feeling of heaviness comes in the body. And the thought process of the mind also slows down and there are more health issues occurring because of that.
Now you must have thought that our daily routine is over, but no! because here only the routine ends and there is night ahead in which we humans sleep. Friends, if you observe nature, then you will find that there are very few species in which animals stay awake at night especially for hunting like the owl but most of the species sleep or rest at night and human beings also come in the same majority. It is obvious that staying awake at night is not good for your health. This is obvious that staying awake at night is not good for your health. In Ayurveda, the size and shape of the bed for sleeping are also mentioned. Such that the height of the bed should not be more than the height of the knee of the person.
Now the question comes, how long should we sleep? So for a Kapha type person whose body mass gains quickly, they should sleep less so that the body stays on active mode for longer. People who have a Pitta type body should take a moderate amount of sleep. People who have Pitta type body should take a moderate amount of sleep around 7-8 hours and those whose body type belongs to the Vata category should sleep more than 8 hours because their sleeping pattern is disturbed. In real life, it becomes a bit difficult to do this, because, for people as per body type, this sleeping style is inverted.
It was a general routine 24 hours cycle as per Ayurveda. Now I know that our times have changed a lot and most of us would feel hard to follow this routine. and most of us would feel hard to follow this routine. But the motive behind this article is that you and I will release that this daily routine was followed in Ancient India. Even then people used to go to gurukul for education like students today go to school and college, Even at that time, people used to go out of the house and work as I and you go to the office to work as I and you go to the office to work they also used to do business at the time just like we do business today but people of that time were aware of good health and keeping the health in focus and understanding the human body mechanics, they used to follow this Ayurvedic daily routine.